Egypt: A hand that offers reconciliation and a hand that continues to torture

The Egyptian political scene continues to be worse day by day, neither torture has stopped nor the crackdown and the arrest of activists.

Despite the optimism and welcome that all political parties in Egypt confronted the reconciliation initiative put forward by the  TV interviewer Amr Adib – affiliated with the Egyptian regime – which includes the release of those imprisoned for political issues, but the reality on the ground of persistence in the approach of repression and arrests dropped all legitimacy from the initiative and showed that, as usual, it was only  another media bubble to distract activists from pursuing the legitimate struggle against dictatorship.

 It was only a few hours after the launch of the Adib Initiative until the authorities launched new arrests of a select group of activists. A group of civil  individuals with weapons kidnapped political activist and journalist Esraa Abdel Fattah from her car, while civil police raided the home of a member of the Party for “bread and Freedom” Abdallah al-Said, and arrested Mustafa al-Khatib, an Associated Press correspondent in Cairo.

Mustafa al-Khatib, the Associated Press correspondent in Cairo
the political activist and journalist Esraa Abdel Fattah

Israa was presented today, Monday, October 14, 2019, to the State Security Prosecution as an accused in case No. 488, which brings together a large number of human rights and political activists, led by human rights lawyer Mahinor Masri and journalist Khaled Daoud. Like other affiliates, Israa faces many accusations at the State Security Prosecutor’s office, which is usually in linked to “join a terrorist organization, spreading false news, misusing social media.” Israa arrived at the prosecution with many injuries in her body, including bruises on her face, hands, shoulder, and many parts of her body.

Israa documented in the minutes of the investigation before the prosecution that she was severely and continuously tortured for 24 hours in her place of detention in an attempt to extract her mobile phone password, which she stated until the torture stopped.

Attacks on Israa ranged from a blurred eye to multiple blows in her hands, face and body, as well as strangling her with clothes and hanging from her hands and feet on the ground. She has documented her hunger strike in the minutes of the investigation after she had confirmed the torture she had suffered during her detention.

Despite documenting Israa’s statements and demonstrating the apparent signs of torture in her body, the prosecution has not opened an investigation into the incident, questioned her as a victim, or presented it to forensic medicine. On the other hand, in a surprising movement, she issued an order to hold her in custody for 15 days and return her to the custody of the authority that tortured her before she was brought to the prosecution – she had been threatened before reaching the prosecution – that if she spoke of torture she would receive more of it upon her return – but the State Security Prosecution turned a blind eye. They neglected all the abuses she had endured, and did not care about the danger she faced if she returned to the detention facility.

Article 52 of the Egyptian Constitution

torture in all its forms and manifestations, is a crime that does not have a statute of limitations

Article 126 of the Penal Code

Every public officer or employee who has ordered the torture of an accused person or has done so to make him confess shall be punished by imprisonment with hard labor or imprisonment from three to ten years

This comes a few days after the activist Alaa al-Fattah and human rights lawyer Mohammed al-Baqer, in a renewal of their detention before the State Security Prosecution, also admitted that they were subjected to torture upon their arrival in Torra 2 high security prison after the prosecutor’s decision to hold them for 15 days.

The prosecution’s disregard for the torture of the accused is a clear violation of Article 52 of the Egyptian Constitution, which states that “torture in all its forms and manifestations, is a crime that does not have a statute of limitations. “

Article 126 of the Penal Code criminalizes the torture of an accused to make him confess, stating that “Every public officer or employee who has ordered the torture of an accused person or has done so to make him confess shall be punished by imprisonment with hard labor or imprisonment from three to ten years.

The texts of international human rights conventions, such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Coventions on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention against Torture included many texts dealing with the crime of torture and reducing and criminalizing it.

Article 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948, states: “Everyone has the right to life, freedom and security.”

Article 5 of the same Declaration states that “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment”. Article 7 of the International Covention on Civil and Political Rights, adopted by the UN General Assembly on 16 December 1966, states that “no one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading punishment or treatment”. Article 10 of the same convention states: “All persons deprived of their liberty shall be treated with humanity and with respect for the dignity of the human person.”

Article 1 of the Convention against Torture also defines torture as “any act that results in severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, intentionally inflicting on a person with the intent to obtain information or a confession, or to punish him or her. To commit, intimidate or coerce him or any third person – or when such pain or suffering is inflicted on any grounds of discrimination of any kind, incites, agrees or is silenced by an official Or any person acting in an official capacity not including pain or suffering arising solely from or accompanying legal sanctions Which is incidental to. “

The Democratic Transition and Human Rights Support Center (Daam) emphasizes that torture has been banned by the international community based on the UN General Assembly resolution 52/149 of December 12, 1997, with the aim of completely eliminating torture and activating the performance of the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, where torture is considered a grave offense under international law.

Details of 24 hours of torture of Israa Abdel Fattah, according to a post by Egyptian activist Mohamed Saleh:

These violations coincide with the continued detention of more than three thousand Egyptian citizens for indiscriminate arrests in the streets of Cairo and the interior governorates in the wake of the September the 20th demonstrations.

Eleanor Roosevelt with the offical english version of the universal declaration of human rights

DAAM calls upon the Egyptian judiciary, represented by the Attorney General, to open an urgent investigation into the violations against the above activists and the others detained in connection with the September 20 cases. The existence of real evidence and recognition from the head of the judiciary in full view of all, instead of pursuing peaceful demonstrators and political activists, as there is no way to establish a just state if its judiciary is not freed from the grip of the executive branch and play its real control and accounting role.

DAAM Center expresses its support to all activists and citizens in the Egyptian prisons, and reiterates its continued defense of their legitimate rights and freedom.

35
Egyptian detained for 20 September demonstrations

On the incident of the break into cafes in the capital Tripoli

What happened in the capital Tripoli on Wednesday morning, October 9, 2019, when a  salafist security force break into some cafes in the west of the capital, intimidated and kidnapped some of its  attendees with the pretext of “mixing between males and females” as they described.

This behavior is contrary to the Libyan laws that protect citizens freedom of movement and enjoyment of private life in addition to being a flagrant violation of all international conventions and protocls that protect the private life and prevent violation of them under any pretext. 

The security chaos that the country is experiencing in general and the capital Tripoli in particular as a result of the war on the frontiers of the capital, has created a clear movement of armed groups of unknown dependency, which exploits the state of chaos to carry out some unlawful behaviors that aim to destabilize citizenz and pass its strange ideas on Libyan society.

Although the Ministry of Interior denies issuing any order to any side under its command to break into the mentioned cafes, this does not absolve it of its responsibility to protect citizens, preserve their dignity and preserve their lives and to stop all these absurd behaviors that undermine the rule of law and promote the continued chaos in the capital.

Cafe at home – at home who was the scene of such incident, was posted on his official Facebook account a reminder of his policy that “forbid any unmarried people from meeting in the cafe” , before deleting the post hours later.

 

In this context, DAAM center condemns this irresponsible conduct and holds the security authorities in Tripoli to protect the private life of citizens and ensure their right in this context and respect the international treaties and conventions that protect the human right to enjoy a private life in a framework that does not contravene the law and take precautionary measures that prevent repeat such acts.

“We would like to remind our policies that prevent any unmarried people from meeting in the coffee shop”At Home” and we apologize for any inconvenience caused by anyone in this regard.

As some parties began to request a “marriage contract” from our guests, which confused our operation this morning to receive our guests and take care of our guests.

“Torture” is the answer of the Egyptian regime to those who claim their rights

Meanwhile, the House of Representatives speaker, Ali Abdel-Aal, stated that “there is not a single political prisoner in Egypt’s prisons,” in response to the demand of the parliament member Talaat Khalil to put an end to the “massive arrests” that took place after the demonstrations of September 20, which the PM  said it affected A political detainee in Suez alone, the political activist Alaa Abdel Fattah and the human rights lawyer Mohamed al-Baqer were tortured in their custody by a prison officer and the head of the prison investigation.

parliament member Talaat Khalil

Put an end to the “massive arrests” that took place after the demonstrations of September 20, which the PM  said it affected A political detainee in Suez alone

parliament member Ali Abdel-Aal

“there is not a single political prisoner in Egypt’s prisons,”

Lawyer and human rights activist Mohammed al-Baqer was arrested while he was in the State Security Prosecution for attending the investigation of the activist and blogger Alaa Abdel-Fattah who was arrested while performing his probation period in Dokki police station due to the verdict issued as a result of the Shura Council demonstrations. 

They were detained by the State Security Prosecution for 15 days pending investigation of case 1365 of 2019 with lawyers Mahinor Al-Masri and Sahar Ali, who were arrested after attending investigations with a group of those arrested from the events of September 20.

Based on the confession of “Alaa” and “Al-Baqer” in the renewal of their detention yesterday, as soon as they arrived at Torra High Security Prison 2 (called Scorpion Prison) were blindfolded and made to walk bending back with many insults, and they stripped them of all what they have even cleaning products, They were kept with the same underwear they were arrested with and without any toiletries for the duration of their incarceration.

They were not allowed to take a bath, sleep on the floor, and were prevented from buying clean water or food from the canteen, although their parents left money in their own secretariats – as is the case in prisons – forcing them to drink unclean prison water and eat very bad food, in addition to weak ventilation in the cell and preventing them from going outside for the break time of their detention. This continued with the humiliating treatment on a daily basis in the cell, which started at the reception inside the prison.

what the detaines faced when they had arrived to Torra 2 prison

blindfolded and made to walk bending back
degrading treatment
prevent to take a bath and to use cleaning products
prevent from clean water and from buying food from the canteen
absence of aeration in the prison cell

Mohammed al-Baqer suffered from back and shoulder pain, and a skin disease, and asked to see to the prison doctor and his request was rejected by the prison administration, and the prison administration made a special way to receive prisoners to Abdel Fattah wich is called “tashrifa”(a wave of torture that detainees face once they arrive at the prison) , that means  to pass blinfoolded between a group of guards while they are insulting and beating him in a clear violation of all his rights as prisoners and the principles of human dignity.

The parliament speaker may be was right in the absence of “detainees” in Egyptian prisons, but he turns a blind eye to the cooperation of the judicial and executive authorities in transferring pre-trial detention to new detention orders after political activists have spent years in prison once a report of an investigation by a state security officer. He holds any real evidence or charges and the State Security Prosecution issues successive remand orders disregarding the law and the constitution and guarantees of fair and equitable trials.

DAAM confirms the prohibition of torture in international law, where article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and article 7 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights provide for the prevention of torture and other ill-treatment.

DAAM Center stresses that torture has been banned by the international community based on the resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly in its resolution 52/149 of 12 December 1997, with the aim of completely eliminating torture and activating the functioning of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, Cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, where torture was considered a grave offense under international law.

These violations coincide with the continued imprisonment of more than three thousand citizens for indiscriminate arrest campaigns in the streets of Cairo and the governorates in the wake of the September 20 demonstrations.These figures are based on the inventory of lawyers who defend the arrested protesters, as well as to monitor a group of Egyptian human rights organizations.

"Torture is a vicious attempt at breaking a person’s will. On this International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, I urge all States to end impunity for perpetrators and eradicate these reprehensible acts that defy our common humanity."

The Democratic Transition and Human Rights  support center called for “supporting” the Egyptian judiciary, represented by the Attorney General, to open urgent investigations into the violations against activists and the rest of those imprisoned in connection with the September 20 cases. Especially in the presence of real evidence and recognition from the head of the judiciary in full view of all, instead of pursuing peaceful demonstrators and political activists, as there is no way to establish a just state if its judiciary authority  is not freed from the intervention of the executive authority and play its real oversight and accounting role.

DAAM also appeals to the Speaker of the Parliament to stop the justification of the executive authority and to exercise its supervisory cycle in light of the successive violations of the rights of citizens who are supposed to represent with other members of Parliament The citizens who elected them and gave them the power they continue to waste in the service of the political system.

DAAM Center directs all support to all activists and citizens who are in Egyptian prisons, affirming that it will continue to defend their legitimate rights and freedom.

Egypt: Signs of a targeted revolution, popular vigilance or organ conflict?

Update: 

arrests of more than 606 peaceful demonstrators in addition to 37 demonstrators whose families refused to announce about them

The Egyptian government should immediately release those detained in connection with the September 20 demonstrations

In light of the forced stagnation of political life in Egypt and the tight control of local media in both the public and private sectors, the Egyptians were surprised recently by an Egyptian actor who is not very famous, called “Mohamed Ali”, posting a controversial video on Facebook, addressing it to The Egyptian people, as a contractor in the armed forces projects, began to present a series of events in the orbit of the involvement of President Abdel Fattah El Sisi and members of his family in cases of corruption and waste of public funds.

With the continuation of recordings marked by convulsions and the adoption of a sharp and direct tone when talking about the head of power and the adoption of a method not experienced by the Egyptians before, “Mohamed Ali” succeeded in attracting people’s attention and arousing various layers of the Egyptian street, forcing the government to hold a new ” youth conference” so that the president could respond on those accusations.

This extraordinary conference, held for its purpose, brought with it new shocking surprises that deepened the crisis of official political discourse and revealed its contradiction.

The President came out to acknowledge the facts of wasting public money attributed to him in a tone that is not without pride in what he considered “steps to build modern Egypt”. A speech that provoked the public and infuriated large segments of the people and exacerbated their anger over the inconsistency of these statements with the President repeatedly stated in the framework of the official narrative of the state about the scarcity of basic resources of the state and weak trade balance and the heavy weight of the support fund on the national economy and the need for austerity and selflessness and patience.

In a rapid development of events, the fugitive contractor who is in Spain asked Egyptian citizens to take to the streets to demonstrate against the president on Thursday (September 20th). In spite of the waves of cynicism that many people received this invitation, especially from political activists from different currents who know the impossibility of the existence of mobility in the street under the current authority, everyone was surprised by the demonstration of thousands of citizens in several governorates, including Cairo, Alexandria, Mahalla, Domiyat and Suez The security forces quickly arrested many of them after they fled with the police forces. The demonstrations in the city of Suez continued for a second day with violent dealing by the security forces.

For two days, security forces arrested hundreds of citizens, either from demonstrations or as soon as they were suspected of being in Tahrir Square. Abdel Nasser Ismail, deputy chairman of the Popular Alliance, was arrested (the party had issued a statement a few days ago to suspend its activities in opposition to the political situation in Egypt, which he called absurd). In an attempt to find out about the fate of those arrested who had not been presented to the prosecution for two days, the lawyer and political activist Mahinour al-Masri was abducted by the State Security Prosecution after she left. Twenty-four hours after the incident, she appeared at the State Security Prosecutor’s Office as a suspect pending her investigation.

After more than 48 hours, at least 400 detainees were brought before the State Security Prosecutor and are being investigated on charges that are expected to revolve around the following points (participation of a terrorist group, dissemination of false news, use of social media for such purposes and demonstrations without authorization). . They are still being investigated in light of their growing numbers.

In light of the expectancy situation experienced by the Egyptian street after those rapid events, which have been absent in recent years in which the Executive Authority has been keen to suppress any attempts for political movement, whether popular or partisan, continued to call for more demonstrations on Friday and the Egyptian citizens are referring to those Demonstrations – though few in number – as a new revolution.

On the other hand, many political analyzes argue that what happened is merely a struggle between state agencies for a range of benefits, while others are far from likely to be the prelude to a new coup.

Democratic transition and human rights support center (DAAM) calls on the Egyptian judiciary, represented by the Attorney General, to open urgent investigations into the charges of corruption and waste of public funds, especially in light of the existence of real evidence and recognition from the head of the judiciary in full view of all, instead of pursuing peaceful demonstrators. And political activists, as there is no way to establish a just state if its judiciary is not freed from the grip of the executive branch and play its role of oversight and accounting.

DAAM also appeals to the deputies of the people, who were content with suspicious silence and none of them made no comment on the events or accusations that have been going on for weeks.

DAAM calls on them to exercise their duty towards their people who lined them up and gave them the power they have been wasting in the service of the political system.

DAAM also points out that the attempts of the political system over the years to control all media, whether wasting billions in order to transfer ownership to his affiliates or close to him, or through the practice of  blocking sites and arrests, they all collapsed in front of recordings posted on social media

The repression of power by all political activists, the liquidation of party life and successive arrests did not pay off when non-politicized citizens decided to demonstrate. When the political spaces were closed and the means of expression were expressed, the street would resort to extracting those areas from those who prevented it.

DAAM gives a greeting to the awareness of the Egyptian citizen who did not pay attention to all attempts of political repression and continued to claim his rights despite the dangers he may face. DAAM hopes that political movements will find a way to build real communication to establish an opposition that has a positive impact on the conduct of political life in Egypt.

Democratic transition and human rights support center (DAAM) 

Statement of support of Tunisian lawyers

The  democratic transition and human rights support center “DAAM”, after reviewing the barbaric attacks that the Tunisian police forces took at noon on Thursday, September 19, 2019 on the members of the defense of martyrs Chokri Belaid and Mohamed Brahmi who are protesting at the court of first instance in Tunis with a group of Lawyers against the background of their demand for the public prosecution to make a decision regarding the file of the “secret service”, which they have waited for about a year, expresses the following:

First: his full solidarity with the Defense Committee for the martyrs and all Tunisian lawyers in their struggle for their legitimate and constitutional rights to access the judiciary.

Secondly, his absolute condemnation of the judicial authorities that authorized and the police forces that committed the unjustified attacks against Tunisian lawyers on the court.

Thirdly, he calls on all civil society forces to support the defense of the martyrs, and they reached the opening of those files with all the seriousness required to maintain the integrity of the democratic transition process, especially “the secret service” file.

Fourth: he calls the Supreme Council of the Judiciary to play its role in ensuring the proper functioning of the justice facility and the impartiality of the public prosecutor’s office in order to achieve the independence of the judiciary away from all political considerations or the influences of positions of influence.

Let the candidates take clear positions that serve the path of transitional justice and comprehensive national reconciliation

In the coming weeks, our country will enter an important phase in its history, which will determine its future direction through the eligibility of the presidential and legislative elections;

Taking pride in the achievements made by our country since its glorious revolution (17/12/2010) in the course of its democratic transition, absolutely with the system of tyranny and corruption, and a striving to establish a democratic system and a civil state in which human beings are respected and upheld by law;

These values for which the revolution had risen were confirmed by the transitional justice process, which the Tunisian State chose to engage in, revealing the fact that thousands of Tunisians were victims of unemployment and marginalization, while tightening the grip of a few on the country’s wealth through a system based on corruption, bribery, cronyism and impunity;

Applauding civil society organizations working to improve the electoral process, support the integrity of elections and related procedures and promote transparency, democratic values and human rights;

And, while we remind of the powers vested in the President of the Republic as per the Constitution which stipulates that “the President of the Republic is the President of State and the symbol of its unity, ensuring its independence, continuity and endeavoring for compliance with the Constitution”,

We believe that it is incumbent upon the would-be President of the Republic and the Parliament to strive to fulfill the process of Transitional Justice and guaranteeing a real accountability based on:

    • A constitutional commitment in view of the powers vested in the President of the Republic and pursuant to Article 148, paragraph nine of the Constitution

  • The continuity of the State, tasked to fulfill legal commitments in keeping with the provisions of Law number 53 of the year 2013, governing Transitional Justice. Main commitments are:
  • Publication of the Final report of the Truth and Dignity Commission in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Tunisia
  • Enforcement of Article 70 of the Organic Law number 53 of the year 2013 stating that “the government shall, within a year from issuing the comprehensive report by the Commission, prepare a plan and work programs for implementing the recommendations and proposals presented by the Commission, and submit these to the legislative council for discussion.

The legislative council shall monitor the extent to which the commission is implementing the plan and the work program. This task should be assigned to a special committee in the parliament with help from relevant organizations, to exert pressure to implement the recommendations and suggestions of the commission.”

  • The establishment of the Dignity Fund
  • Enforcement of Article 68 of the Organic Law of the year 2013, providing for the establishment of a national institution tasked to preserve national memory
  • Support the process of Judicial proceedings before the Specialized Chambers in Transitional Justice.

The Tunisian experience in Transitional Justice is closely linked to the image of Tunisia abroad regarding both our country’s international obligation before the international community, represented by the United Nations Organization and the Human Rights Council and also in terms of the latter’s examination of its annual report on various sessions and within the European Union.

It is also a political and ethical commitment toward the countries that have supported Tunisia’s Transitional Justice experience along with numerous international organizations, especially the Coalition for the Defense of Transitional Justice that continues to support the transitional justice process in our country, as well as the important role played by the associations of victims.

Moreover, the Tunisian experience in Transitional Justice has been held in esteem internationally and academically and used as an example that may be tapped into among other experiences so that transition to democracy can take place at lowest possible cost and in peaceful fashion, in view of the numerous regional countries having slipped into savage and bloody conflicts which affected international peace and security.

We call on:

  • All candidates, whether for presidential or legislative elections, to support the transitional justice process because it is in the interest of Tunisia internally and internationally and that their positions are clear, especially regarding the process of judicial trials before the specialized chambers in transitional justice and commit to the immediate release of the final list of martyrs and the wounded of the revolution and to publish it in the Official Gazette of the Tunisian Republic.
  • National and international media to ask questions related to transitional justice in the debates between the candidates as well as in television dialogues and highlighting this file, which inevitably leads to the non-repetition of the horrors of the painful past and to a comprehensive and sustainable national reconciliation.
  • Voters and all supporters of the revolution of freedom and dignity to urge candidates to abide by the high principles and objectives of transitional justice.
  • Campaign monitoring organizations follow up the candidates’ positions on the transitional justice file.

We also call on all activists and the general public to exercise their right to accountability, monitoring and follow-up and to promote effective and capable participation of the public in their political system.

 

Signatory associations:

Tunisian League for the Defense of Human Rights
Association of Tunisian Judges
Tunisian Organization Against Torture
International Association for the Support of Political Prisoners
Tunisian Association for the Defense of Individual Freedoms
Association of the families of the martyrs and the wounded of the revolution, loyal
Alkarama Association
Justice and Rehabilitation Society
Insaf Military Veterans Association
Independent National Coordination for Transitional Justice
Tunisian Network for Transitional Justice
Tunisian Alliance for Dignity and Rehabilitation
Lawyers Without Borders
World Organization Against Torture
Martyr Liberty Organization Nabil Barakati
International Center for Transitional Justice
Human Rights Watch
Center for Supporting Democratic Transformation and Human Rights
International Art
No peace without justice

Tunisia : use of media and interference by the authorities threatens the course of early presidential elections

Two weeks from now, Tunisia is attending snap presidential elections following the death of former President Beji Caid Essebsi. Despite the rapid interaction of constitutional institutions, the reorganization of power in accordance with the requirements of the Constitution and the assignment of the President of the House of Representatives to the presidency of the country on behalf of the legal period (90 days), this event disrupted the election calendar, the presidential elections were preceded on the legislative and made the race to Carthage an unprecedented political attraction.

In this context, the presidential election expected mid-next month is of the utmost importance to local political actors and international partners of Tunisia in view of the centrality of the post of President of the Republic in the national equation and the impact of his election on the legislative entitlement and the expected parliamentary majorities.
These snap elections will have a direct impact on this ongoing democratic process. It should be noted that the political climate in Tunisia today is inappropriate and highly charged, especially after the proposed amendments to the electoral law.

This revision has caused political and legal controversy in the country, as it could lead to the elimination of many serious candidates for the presidency five months before the scheduled elections.

The People’s Assembly has already voted on amendments that put forward new conditions for the candidate, among which are retroactive conditions for the candidate to benefit from political propaganda or charitable work, including ambiguous conditions related to the content of the political discourse itself. But after the people’s deputies failed to challenge the constitutionality of these amendments, former President Beji Caid Essebsi refused to sign the law in a first precedent.

Although the democratic transition in Tunisia has gone through many crises, it has not deviated into chaos or conflict, which is calculated for all political parties in Tunisia and beyond them to all civil actors and organizations that were instrumental in maintaining the climate of peace and dialogue that supported the democratic transition process.

The democratic transition and human rights support center (DAAM) is interested in expressing its deep concern in this turbulent climate two weeks before the elections and can only emphasize the active role played by civil society and still in Tunisia, especially in the field of combating corruption, while acknowledging the deep respect and support for the judicial facility. Civil society in the fight against all forms of corruption, however, it was hoped that the recent judicial decisions issued following complaints filed by the organization «I watch» against the presidential candidate Nabil Karoui on several occasions and that the recent decision to send to prison in a human rights environment And act Sound and a far cry from the suspicion of political exploitation and direct influence of the executive branch.

DAAM also hopes that the judicial decisions issued in this regard will not be compromised by politicization in order to ensure the principle of the independence of the judiciary and to distance it from all political disputes at this important stage in the history of Tunisia. “Daam” also hopes that the judiciary will prove that it is moving away from these suspicions by expediting its consideration of the remaining cases of corruption filed by various civil society organizations and the National Anti-Corruption Commission. In all cases that preoccupy the public opinion, especially the file of political assassinations.
DAAM also calls for the support of constitutional bodies overlapping in the electoral process to carry out their full constitutional functions in order to protect the democratic process, in accordance with the provisions of Article 125 of the Constitution.
DAAM also calls on candidates and campaign officials to stay away from tensions, mobilization, hatred and violence, and to respect universal principles of human rights and not to fall into populist and inflammatory rhetoric against the rights of certain categories of Tunisian citizens.

Finally, DAAM expresses the importance of preserving the many gains in the democratic transition process in Tunisia, the first of which is the organization of elections, which we hope will take place in a framework of fairness, transparency and impartiality. Tunisia will have a full impact on all paths to democratization in the Arab region.

Libyan activists and civilians are under aerial bombardment

Since the beginning of the attack on Tripoli last April, Libya has witnessed serious human rights violations. Civilians were targeted by air strikes and shelling of residential neighborhoods, schools and airports. Activists have also been kidnapped and forcibly disappeared on several occasions.

Perhaps one of the most important events during the recent period was the kidnapping of MP Siham Sirgiwa, a member of the House of Representatives.

The deputy Siham Sirgiwa was abducted after the assault on her and her husband inside her house by unknown gunmen. The security services in Benghazi did not provide any information about the fate of Sirgiwa, who was kidnapped the day after her demand through the channel “Libya event” pro-Haftar commander-in-chief of the armed forces appointed by the House of Representatives in eastern Libya, to stop the fighting between the latter’s forces and the government of reconciliation in the south of the capital. But the Interior Ministry said it may have been kidnapped by terrorists who infiltrated Benghazi.

In addition, civilian activist Ahmed Al-Kawafi was killed and his body was hidden in the sea.

The National Human Rights Committee in Libya expressed its strong condemnation of the killing of the civil activist Ahmed Omar Al-Kawafi. The body was bound by a metal chain with gunshot wounds in the head after it was thrown by sea waves at Barani Beach.

Several human rights organizations also expressed their condemnation of this awful crime, and reminded the concerned authorities to assume their responsibilities in protecting activists and civilians during the current conflict.

Unarmed civilians were also targeted after air strikes. The city of Murzuq witnessed on Sunday evening, 04 August, bloody incidents following air strikes on a residential neighborhood that led to the killing and wounding of many innocent civilians.

A local source said that the plane bombed civilians during a wedding, while a member of the House of Representatives in Tripoli Rahma Abu Bakr that a plane of the General Command launched four consecutive airstrikes on a gathering of the people of the city during a wedding.

The Libyan MP blamed the UN mission for the shelling, saying that Hafter targeted the city of Murzuq for its steadfastness in front of his forces and the rejection of the military regime.

It is noteworthy that this raid on the city is not the first as proceeded by other raids, and targeted public facilities in the city.

For his part, said member of the city council Mohammed Omar that a military plane of the General Command targeted the residential neighborhood of the fortress inhabited by citizens of the Tabou component, causing heavy material and human losses.

It is noteworthy that the forces of Hafter commander-in-chief of the armed forces appointed by the House of Representatives in eastern Libya announced in mid-February last control of the city, “Murzuq”, but a large section of the population, especially from the “Tabou”, announced their rejection of the presence of his forces inside the city, to break out Since then, clashes between supporters and opponents of the city have been intermittent.

Tabou residents accuse Hafter of arming some of his loyalists and instructing them to work to destabilize Murzuq.

In this regard, DAAM Center for Democratic Transition and Human Rights emphasizes the need for all concerned to take full responsibility for the seriousness of the crime of targeting civilians. DAAM also reiterates its call for all precautions to be taken to ensure the protection of the civilian population.

The targeting of civilian facilities and neighborhoods has also been repeated frequently in Tripoli, where the General Command’s warplanes carried out an air strike targeting the field hospital on the airport road. The raid killed four doctors and wounded others.

The air strikes of the General Command did not stop after the incident of the field hospital, but targeted an ambulance in the Wadi Rabie area, which resulted in the death of a paramedic of the Ambulance and Emergency Service in Tripoli.

Despite the widespread responses that accompanied the shelling of the field hospital, a spokesman for the General Command Ahmed al-Mesmari appeared in a direct press conference, in which they announced their adoption of the bombing of the hospital. Al-Mesmari said the hospital was a terrorist center where terrorists operate, not doctors, he claimed.

Attacks on civilian neighborhoods and facilities in the capital also affected El Alamein School in Al-Hani area, in addition to the bombing of Maitiga International Airport by several times by the General Command, which led to the suspension of air traffic and canceled a number of flights to and from the airport.

Ghassan Salameh said in a recent briefing to the Security Council that the national accord government forces are using the airport for military purposes, and that the attacking forces should stop shelling it, without naming the attacking forces or explaining the places they are using. The national accord government forces for military purposes, at one of the largest military bases in Libya, and its civilian airport is far from military places, had to clarify more to determine the responsibilities of both parties.

The Ministry of Communications announced that the targeting of Maitiga airport affected facilities and civilian aircraft and endangered the safety of workers and passengers, in addition to obstructing the movement of traffic and inflicting heavy losses on the civil aviation sector, according to the text of the statement.

On the other hand, Maria Ribeiro the UN Humanitarian Coordinator in Libya said that about 120 thousand students have been affected since the beginning of the aggression on Tripoli, as a result of the use of 27 schools as shelters for the more than 100,000 displaced people, while the World Health Organization announced in its latest statistics More than 1,000 people have been killed since the start of the war on Tripoli, including 106 civilians.

In addition to all these abuses, the Libyan capital has witnessed during the past two months a clear security breakdown as a result of the preoccupation of most security forces in the war on the outskirts of the city, where the situation of armed robbery and kidnappings for money in the past period was clearly observed.

This is in addition to the kidnapping and physical liquidation that happened to Walid Tarhouni two days after his kidnapping, whose body was dumped in front of the Ministry of Justice and who is the director of the follow-up office in the ministry gives a great indication of the size of the security chaos in the Libyan capital, especially that there are statements suggesting that the assassinated was liquidated On a regional basis and whoever has done so is an entity affiliated with the Government of national accord.

It was noted that the number of shells falling and the number of their shells increased, most recently on 24 August 2019

A large number of shells landed in Ghararat, Znata and Arada in the Friday Market area.

These conditions put the government of National accord in front of its security responsibilities inside the city of Tripoli, which suffers from a security chaos that threatens the lives of citizens daily and holds responsibility for the indiscriminate shells that regularly fall on the capital.

These behaviors are war crimes that are not statute of limitations and the perpetrators remain under the penalty of the law, no matter how long.

DAAM reiterates its call for the importance of ending impunity for crimes and violations of human rights and international humanitarian law that have been and continue to be committed against innocent and civilians throughout the country, and to ensure that those implicated in these crimes and inhuman violations and practices are prosecuted and held accountable.

Skip to content