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The semi-annual report : throes of democratic transition Military rule a,d the struggle of conference’s corridors

مُتاح أيضًا بـ: العربية (Arabic)

The report raises questions about the status of three countries in different contexts. Despite their differences, they resulted from the popular revolutions which called for liberty. Although the report raises separated questions, it aims to link these experiences that have similarities in order to achieve a possible benefit  from the accumulated experiences to defend the hope of democracy and human rights principles.

 
Is the democratic transition in Tunisia permanent?
 
Despite the gains of the process of the democratic transition, especially  The Tunisian Constitution of 2014  , human rights guarantees and freedom of expression, this path witnessed major tensions due to the politicization of all its stages. The main bodies and institutions have not been formed, especially the Constitutional Court, which was supposed to be formed within a year of the legislative elections in 2014. The  negotiations of the government, during the monitoring period, overshadowed the features and difficulties of the transitional path.Tunisia has not known a government which is capable of leading the second transition, as no government wasn’t able to end the path through making difficult and hard decisions that guarantee the stability of the new regime. On the other hand, the situation of human rights faces a difficult reality that prevents it from being consolidated as an institutionally protected and socially respected practice.

Is it still possible to talk about a democratic transition in Egypt, or is it a transition towards dictatorship?

The Egyptian regime of Abdel Fattah Al Sisi has pursued to consolidate its domination through constitution and law. As the constitutional amendments in 2019 contributed to pave the way for Abdel Fattah Al Sisi to remain in power until 2030. Whereas, since the beginning of its fifth session, the Egyptian Parliament has revised the laws of the legislative elections which are scheduled for the end of 2020. And it paves the way for the exclusion of opponents and parties in favor of the supporters of the regime. Meanwhile, the Executive Authority, with all its branches, dominates the rest of the authorities, especially the Judiciary. The State Security Prosecution in Egypt has become a tool for imprisoning activists and renewing their imprisonment. It also condones cases of torture, enforced disappearance and medical negligence. While the Public Prosecution has chosen to play the role of the guardian of morals without a respect for individual freedoms. On the other hand, the El-Sisi regime controls the media in Egypt in order to  promote the image of the leader.

Is Libya for the Libyans or a prize for foreign countries?

The military conflict among Libyans continued with procrastination, delay and circumvention of the UN-sponsored negotiation paths. The battles around Tripoli were an evidence of the deep disagreement among Libyans that penetrated the society. No tribal councils meetings have succeeded in mending the political fences, while all regional and international endeavors and initiatives have failed, and state institutions have become a tool for conflict, such as oil fields, electricity and water stations. Armed groups dominated on the ground and imposed political agendas in parallel with the development of the role of Russia, Turkey and behind them several other countries, through a policy of axes that exceeds the interests of the Libyans and their future.
 
Tunisia is structured on institutions, texts, and experiences towards democracy and human rights which are exploited in Egypt in favor of a repressive regime  that interferes in all the details of the daily life of Egyptians. While the worries of the Libyan people are to restore a transitional path which is confused by the military conflict and the influence of international interests.
 
On that basis, it is necessary to defend the common demands (livelihood, freedom, social justice and human dignity) which were based on the struggles and revolutions of citizens in order to reach a transitional model that folds a page of history and begins another.

مُتاح أيضًا بـ: العربية (Arabic)

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